Roscigno Vecchia è situato a 574 msl. nella zona dei Monti Alburni e del fiume Calore. A causa della natura idrogeologica, costituita per di più da terreno argilloso, Roscigno fu definito "paese che cammina". Abbandonato agli inizi del 1902 ed il 1908 per motivi di instabilità geologica, ma in realtà il vecchio abitato non si smosse e tutt'ora è ancora nello stesso posto. Le abitazioni sono in parte crollate (non dovuto alla frana) ma per abbandono e mancata manutanzione. Questo paese restituisce agli occhi del visitatore d'oggi un'atmosfera quasi irreale, e conserva i suoi antichi valori storico-ambientali . Il nome del paese deriva da " Russino " che compare in alcuni scritti del 1086 (custoditi presso l'Abbazia della Santissima Trinità di Cava de' Tirreni) quando il signore di Corneto (Corleto Monforte) donò la chiesa di S. Venere all'abbazia di Cava. Il nome del paese deriva da "Russino" che compare in alcuni scritti del 1086 (conservati presso l'Abbazia della Santissima Trinità di Cava de 'Tirreni) quando il signore di Corneto (Corleto Monforte) donò la chiesa di S. Venere al abbazia di Cava. Al centro di piazza G. Nicotera si può vedere la maestosa chiesa madre dedicata a San Nicola di Bari, settecentesca, ed un pò più in là l’antica fontana, simbolo del centro storico, e “Casa Dorina”. Il borgo non è stato intaccato dalla modernità, conservando i tratti urbanistici ed architettonici di un centro agro-pastorale sette-ottocentesco. Per tutti questi ed altri motivi, nel 1998 Roscigno Vecchia è stata inserita nella lista dei siti patrimonio Unesco.
Roscigno Vecchia is placed to 574 m. above sea-level , in the area of the Alburni Mountains and valley of the river Calore. Abandoned in 1902 - 1908 due to danger of landslid, but really the old inhabited area was not shifted, Roscigno was defined "country that walks". In reality the old town did not move and still is in the same place. The houses have partly collapsed (not due to the landslide) but due to neglect and lack of maintenance. This village returns an almost unreal atmosphere to the eyes of today's visitor, and it preserves his ancient historical-environmental values. The name of the village derives from " Russino " that appears in some writings of 1086 (kept at the Abbey of the Holy Trinity of Cava de 'Tirreni) when the lord of Corneto (Corleto Monforte) donated the church of S. Venere to the abbey of Cava . In the center of Piazza G. Nicotera you can see the majestic mother church dedicated to San Nicola di Bari, from the eighteenth century, and a little further on the ancient fountain, symbol of the historic center, and "Casa Dorina". The village has not been affected by modernity, preserving the urban and architectural features of an eighteenth-nineteenth-century agro-pastoral center. For all these and other reasons, in 1998 Roscigno Vecchia was included in the list of Unesco heritage sites . Vedi MAPPA - See MAP
A tribute is due to the memory of Dorina Teodora Lorenzo, born in Roscigno Vecchia in 1915, second child of six children, she was a woman who did not want to leave her home and the places where she grew up, and was the last inhabitant of the abandoned village . Three peasants continued to resist in their old houses, without electricity, running water or a sewage system. They were Luigi, Grazia and Teodora, better known as Dorina. Dorina, a former nun, lived alone in the village until she was 85 years old. Dorina, the true and last inhabitant of Roscigno Vecchia was (symbol of historical memory and past traditions) the guardian of a ghost town. "Roscigno" a town that Onorato Volzone, a journalist for Il Mattino in 1982 defined as "The Pompeii of the 1900s". Dorina studied with the nuns of Vallo della Lucania, she became a nun, but her temperament made her leave the monastic habit and she returned to her country which she never abandoned. She died on October 12, 2000. Dorina lived from the mid-1950s to the beginning of the 2000s, born Teodora Lorenzi, she was the last inhabitants of the village. The main character " Estella ", the last inhabitant of Alento in the novel " Cade la terra " by Carmen Pellegrino, is inspired by her. Three peasants continued to resist in their old houses, without electricity, running water or a sewage system. They were Luigi, Grazia and Teodora, better known as Dorina. The former nun lived alone in the village until she was 85 years old. In the early 2000s
Unfortunately I believe that there are no projects for the recovery and revaluation of the history but also of the buildings which, due to neglect and abandonment, are slowly collapsing. Unfortunately the administrations are guilty of inaction and have made the village unattractive to Italian and foreign holidaymakers who love this type of tourism. Perhaps as the writer Carmen Pellegrino says, in her book "Cade la Terra" inspired by Roscigno Vecchia and Dorina who inspired the character "Estella", protagonist of the novel and last inhabitant of Alento, "here the magnificence is in the dust". And dust it is.Photos taken in February 2023.
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